Lung Cancer: What is Lung Cancer? Know its causes, symptoms and treatment

1. Lung Cancer: What is Lung Cancer? Know its causes, symptoms and treatment

| Lung Cancer symptoms | | Lung Cancer causes | |Reasons for danger:| | diagnosis and treatment | | Lifestyle Changes and Home Remedies | (Lung Cancer Home Remedies)

2. What is Lung Cancer?

  Lung cancer occurs when lung tissue grows at an abnormal rate to form a tumor. Lungs help in breathing and carry oxygen to the rest of your body. According to WHO, lung cancer is the most commonly found cause of cancer deaths. Lung cancer makes the patient weak and sick.

There are many types of lung cancer, but they are named on the basis of the size of the cancerous tumor.

 Small Cell Lung Cancer: The cells of this cancer appear very small when viewed under a microscope. It is a rare cancer, with one in eight people with lung cancer developing small cell cancer. This cancer grows very fast.

 Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: The cells of this cancer are larger than “small cell lung cancer”. This cancer is more commonly found. About 7 out of 8 people get this type of cancer. Its cells do not grow as fast as small cell cancer and its treatment is also different.

3. The types of non-small cells and lungs cancer:

1. Adenocarcinoma
2. Large cell carcinoma
3. Squamous cell carcinoma
4. How common is lung cancer in general?

 According to the World Health Organization (WHO), lung cancer is one of the leading causes of death, accounting for 1.59 million deaths in 2012.It can affect patients at any age. This can be prevented by minimizing the dangers caused by it. Please consult your doctor for more details.However, cigarette smoking and exposure to smoke increases the risk. Apart from this, if a person is constantly breathing toxic chemicals and toxic air, then this can also be a reason for getting lung cancer. Even if a person has been exposed to toxic air for a long time, he is still at risk of developing lung cancer.

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Lung Cancer symptoms

4. What are the symptoms of lung cancer? (Symptoms of Lung Cancer)

Most of the symptoms of lung cancer are found in the lungs, but you can feel these symptoms anywhere in your body, because the cancer has spread to other parts of the body (in medical language it is called metastasis). The severity of all these symptoms is also different. Sometimes there are no symptoms at all, just a feeling of tiredness, but the symptoms that should be noticed are:

1. chest discomfort or pain
2. non-ending cough that gets worse over time
3. Shortness of breath
4. wheezing sound
5. blood in mucus
6. hoarseness
7. trouble swallowing
8. loss of appetite
9. unexplained weight loss
10. feeling tired
11. swelling or tightness in the lungs.
 12. Lung cancer is a dangerous condition that can lead to serious problems.

5. Complications of lung cancer due to:

1. coughing up blood.
2. Pain due to advanced stage of lung cancer
fluid in the chest.
3. Some symptoms may not be mentioned above. 4.Contact your doctor for more information.

6. When should I see my doctor?

  If you have any of the symptoms listed above or have any questions, please see your doctor right away. Everyone's body works differently. Work with your doctor to find out what is best for you according to your condition and seek the right treatment.

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Lung Cancer causes

7. What is the cause of lung cancer? (Cause of Lung Cancer)

  Lung cancer can develop due to toxins. The most common causes of these are smoking cigarettes, pipes or cigars. Smoking increases the risk of lung cancer until a person quits smoking. If they stop smoking, the risk may be reduced.

Know how much you spend in life for cigarettes with "Hello Health Smoking Calculator"

 Lung cancer can be easily understood from this model given below.

8. Reasons for danger:

1. Previous or current smoking habit.
2. Effects of smoking by other people (second hand smoke)
3. Family member having lung cancer
4. Chest area affected by radiotherapy for other reasons.
5. Exposure to toxic substances such as asbestos, chromium, nickel, arsenic, soot or tar in the workplace
6. Exposure to Ray-Dawn at home or at work.
7. Living in a polluted environment.
8. Having a weakened immune system due to genetics or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
8. Beta carotenes to over use being a heavy smokers.
9. How is lung cancer diagnosed? (Diagnosis of Lung Cancer)

 To find out if you have lung cancer, the doctor will examine your symptoms and do physical tests, such as listening to your breathing, to find out There is no tumor in the chest. The doctor then tries to find out about your medical history if you have smoked, or if someone in your family has smoked. Also ask about your work environment, so that he can know if you have been exposed to smoke or other toxins that can damage your lungs.

 To diagnose cancer, your doctor may recommend certain tests such as imaging tests to look at your lungs (spiral C-T scan, PET scan) to identify tumors and a lab called cytology to examine sputum. Test etc. Your doctor may also order a biopsy test for you to make a definitive decision. Biopsy means taking a small sample of lung tissue to look for cancer cells under a microscope. 

 Bronchoscopy: A thin tube is used to take a sample through the mouth or nose to the lungs.

 Biopsy: A small needle is inserted into the chest to take a sample of chest tissue. The area is numbed to stop the pain.

 Thoracentesis: This also uses a needle, but instead of taking cells from your lungs, the fluid around the lungs is taken to check for cancer cells.

 Thoracotomy: This is the last method of diagnosis of lung cancer, as a form of surgery, which is used only when there is no other method of diagnosis.

 9. Imaging studies for the diagnosis of lung cancer

 Computed tomography (CT) scans and positron emission tomography or PET scans can detect areas of lung tissue with cancer during imaging studies. Bone scans can also detect the development of cancer. The doctor may also use the scan during the progress of treatment. Along with this, checkup is also done to ensure that the cancer does not come back.

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          Tissue sampling for the diagnosis of lung cancer.

 If the doctor finds a lesion during an imaging study, a sample of lung tissue is taken to test for possible cancer cells. The amount of tissue that will be taken for the test depends on the wound. Special light, thin camera is used during the doctor bronchoscopy. Doing so helps the doctor to visualize the wound and obtain a sample. Invasive surgical procedures are used in the absence of proper access to the lesion in the lungs. In this case, thoracoscopy or video-assisted thoracic surgery is done.

10. lab testing

 A doctor may also do a sputum test or blood test to check for lung cancer. Through lab testing, the doctor detects the type of lung cancer and also finds out about advanced cancer.

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11.Treatment for Lung Cancer

 Cellular breakdown in the lungs is treated in more than one way, contingent upon the sort of cellular breakdown in the lungs and how far it has spread. Individuals with non-little cell cellular breakdown in the lungs might be treated with a medical procedure, chemotherapy, radiation, designated treatment, or a blend of this large number of therapies, and individuals with little cell cellular breakdown in the lungs are typically treated with radiation treatment and chemotherapy. is finished.
 Surgery: Doctors resort to surgery only till a certain stage. Doctors choose surgery only until the cancer has spread beyond the lungs. Usually only 10 to 35 percent of lung cancer tumors can be removed through surgery. However, it needs to be noted here that surgery does not guarantee its diagnosis every time. After the tumor has spread, there is a possibility of it developing back.

Chemotherapy: Special drugs are used to shrink the cancer.

 Radiation therapy: High-energy rays (similar to X-rays) are used to destroy the cancer infection.

 Targeted therapy: Medicines are used to stop the growth and spread of cancer cells, whether it's pills you take or drugs given into your veins.

 Cancer therapy mainly depends on the type and stage of lung cancer. You can choose from more than one treatment type.

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12. Lifestyle Changes and Home Remedies (Lung Cancer Home Remedies)

quit smoking immediately

 After lung cancer is diagnosed, the first thing to do is to get rid of cigarettes. If you have lung cancer due to passive smoke, you should talk to the smoker and ask them to quit smoking for themselves, and for you. If you are exposed to toxins in your work place, talk to your manager or your boss to make sure no one else gets sick.

 second hand smoking

 Just as there is a risk of lung cancer due to smoking, in the same way secondhand smoking is also dangerous. If someone else in your house smokes, then the person whose smoke is going to him is also at the same risk of cancer.

 When exposed to radon gas

 Radon gas is produced due to the breakdown of uranium in the soil. Radon gas reaches inside the body by breathing. The risk of lung cancer increases when arsenic, chromium and nickel reach the body. If someone is a smoker then that person may be at increased risk of lung cancer.

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 13. pain management

 You may be given medicine to treat the pain. You have to use them when it hurts. You can learn self-care methods for controlling lung cancer pain from your doctor so that you can manage the pain.

14. Other pain treatments may be helpful:

1. relaxation techniques
2. biofeedback
3. physical treatment
4. hot/or cold pack
5. Exercise and massage.
6. The support of family, friends, and a support group can be a huge psychological help when it comes to managing pain after cancer treatment.

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 15. management of shortness of breath

 You use your lungs to breathe. Therefore, you have difficulty in breathing when you have lung cancer. There are a few ways you can use to reduce shortness of breath:

 If you're having trouble breathing, you'll soon get tired. In such a situation, you should avoid doing unnecessary things in your daily routine and use energy in important works.

 Breathing in pure oxygen does not require your lungs to work as hard to supply oxygen. It can aid the breathing process. The fluid around the lungs can put pressure on your lungs and make it difficult for you to breathe. So this fluid is taken out to help you breathe easily.

16. healthy lifestyle

 Exercise and healthy diet is always the root cause for a healthy body. Try to exercise as much as you can, but don't put pressure on yourself. Learning to control breathing during exercise is important for lung cancer patients.

 If you have any questions, see your doctor for a solution, who can give you the appropriate advice according to your condition

 Yoga:  In yoga, you do stretching along with deep breathing and meditation. People suffering from cancer can also take good sleep with the help of yoga.

 Diet: Taking nutritious food is very good for the health of the body.Also, give exercise a place in your life. If you have to change your lifestyle, don't start suddenly. Follow some steps daily.

 Read more: The information given above is not a substitute for medical advice. Contact the doctor for more information.

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