How is kidney disease caused? Learn how to keep it healthy

How is kidney disease caused? Learn how to keep it healthy 

Kidney is also called kidney in English. Kidney is an important part of our body, which helps in filtering the blood present in the body and controlling blood pressure. Additional functions of the kidney include the effect on the production of red blood cells and the metabolism of vitamin D for strong bones . There are two kidneys in our body, which are located just above the waist on either side of the spine. You may have to face many health problems due to kidney disease. Which, if severe, can prove fatal.

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Know why it is important before kidney disease?

When the health of the kidney in the body is correct, many bodily functions are done properly. Come, let us know what the kidneys do mainly in the body and why it is important.

  • The kidney helps with digestion, muscle activity, and removal of waste material from the blood after exposure to drugs or chemicals.
  • Helps in maintaining the balance of water and sodium , potassium and phosphorus in the blood present in the body .
  • The kidney also produces a chemical called erythropoietin, which sends signals to the body to produce red blood cells.

What happens due to kidney disease or kidney failure?

When you have kidney disease or kidney failure, the waste materials and fluids of the body are not able to get out and start accumulating inside, due to which there is also a risk of infection in the body or kidneys. Due to this , there is swelling in the ankles , nausea, physical weakness, unhealthy sleep and shortness of breath. Apart from this, the balance of water and minerals in the body gets disturbed, due to which your blood remains healthy. On the other hand, the kidney is unable to metabolize vitamin-D and bone problems can also occur due to not getting enough nutrition to the bones. All these problems after taking a serious form can prove to be fatal.

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When does the risk of kidney disease increase?

The following conditions increase the risk of kidney disease or kidney damage. like-

  • If your blood pressure remains high, it negatively affects kidney health , which can lead to kidney disease.
  • Also, if someone in your family has had chronic kidney disease in the past or now , you are always more likely to have this problem due to genetic factors.
  • If you have diabetes , you are at risk of kidney disease.
  • Heart disease negatively affects the production of oxygen-rich blood in the body, which can gradually lead to kidney problems.
  • Obesity can lead to the development of many diseases in the body and it directly affects the health of your kidneys.

What can cause kidney disease?

Chronic kidney disease

Chronic kidney disease is the most common type of kidney disease. This disease is mainly caused by high blood pressure, which is not cured for a long time. High blood pressure puts extra pressure on the small blood vessels in your kidneys. These blood vessels are called glomeruli, which clean the blood in the body. Due to this pressure for a long time, kidney damage occurs and stops working. After which the patient has to go on dialysis . In dialysis, excess fluid and waste material is removed from the blood of the body. Dialysis helps to improve the condition of the kidney, but cannot cure it completely. If needed, the option of kidney transplant can be used.

Apart from this, diabetes is also a major cause of chronic kidney disease. Due to which the level of blood sugar in the body increases. High blood sugar can also damage these blood vessels of the kidney over a long period of time.

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Kidney Stones

Having kidney stones or kidney stones is also a big problem. The problem of kidney stones is formed when minerals and other elements are not absorbed properly and start accumulating in the form of crystals. Kidney stones usually come out of the body with the help of urine , but sometimes they cause a lot of pain due to large in size and seek proper treatment of kidney stones.

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Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

A bacterial infection in any part of the urinary system is called a urinary tract infection (UTI). Bladder or urethra infection is common in these diseases. These diseases can be easily treated and the chances of their spread are very less, but if they are not treated, then they can spread the infection and cause kidney fail.

What is the treatment for kidney disease?                          (Treatment for Kidney Disease)

The treatment of kidney disease depends on its type. Come, let us know what are the options for the treatment of kidney disease.


If you have chronic kidney disease, the most likely cause of this is high blood pressure. In such a situation, the doctor may suggest some medicines to control your blood pressure. Along with this, the doctor may give medicine to reduce the amount of protein in the urine, which helps in healthy kidney .

distance from drugs

Some over the counter medicines or some medicines can have a negative effect on your kidneys. In such a situation, if any medicines you are taking are affecting your kidneys, then the doctor may stop those medicines.


You can also improve your diet to cure kidney disease . For this, you have to reduce the amount of sodium, protein, potassium and phosphate in your diet. By doing this, your kidneys do not have to work extra hard to control or remove these minerals from the body. Due to which the pressure on the kidney is reduced and it starts recovering in a short time. Apart from this, you also have to control the amount of water in your diet. You can also take the help of a dietician to make a healthy diet for the kidneys.


When the kidneys are not working properly, you may need dialysis. In dialysis, the excess fluid and waste material present in your body is removed, which the kidneys cannot remove. However, with the help of dialysis, you can reduce the pressure on the kidney, but it cannot cure it.

kidney transplant

When kidney disease becomes severe and leads to kidney failure, your doctor may suggest a kidney transplant. For kidney transplant, you can take a kidney from a family member or any other unknown person or a deceased organ donor, but this can be done only in the case of kidney donation.

Keep in mind that buying kidney is a legal offense in India and there is a provision of punishment in the Indian Penal Code for this.

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Tips for kidney disease

You can also take help of these tips to reduce the risk of kidney or kidney disease. like-

Do regular exercise . Due to which blood pressure is controlled and the risk of chronic kidney disease is reduced.

Keep the level of blood sugar present in the body under control and keep checking regularly.

  • Drink enough fluids.
  • Do not take over the counter (OTC) medicines.
  • If you are at risk of kidney disease, keep getting it checked regularly.
  • Do's and don'ts in kidney related diseases? To know more click on this video link below.

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