What is Glaucoma? Know Its Causes, Symptoms, And Its Treatments

What is Glaucoma? Know its causes, symptoms and remedies

Information about Glaucoma

In glaucoma, the optic nerve of the eye is damaged, which leads to the risk of blindness. This is usually due to the high pressure placed on the eyes.The optic nerae is a heap of nerve strands that interfaces the retina to the mind. Whenever the optic nerve is harmed, the signs that let your mind know how the situation is playing out are upset.

There are many types of it. These may incorporate open-point, point conclusion, ordinary pressure, pigmentary, intrinsic and optional glaucoma. The most widely recognized of these is open-point, or glaucoma.

How common is glaucoma?

This is a very common disease.It can happen at whatever stage in life, yet happening in individuals beyond 60 years old is more probable. It is one of the primary drivers of visual deficiency.

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What are the symptoms of Glaucoma ? (Symptoms of Glaucoma)

Open-angle glaucoma: There are no symptoms in the beginning but, as it progresses, a spot appears in the side or center of the eye.

Angle closure glaucoma: Its symptoms include severe headache , eye pain , nausea and vomiting, decreased vision, red eyes , etc.

Congenital glaucoma: This occurs in the unborn baby and its symptoms are noticeable within the first year itself.

Secondary Glaucoma: This cataract occurs due to the effects of diseases on the body. Its symptoms are also similar to those given above.

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When should I see my doctor?

People who are above 40 years of age should contact their doctor immediately if they notice any symptoms.


What is the cause of glaucoma? (Cause of Glaucoma)

The main reason for this is damage to your optic nerve . Optic nerve damage is usually caused by excessive pressure. This pressure is caused by the accumulation of excess fluid in the eye. Also, the reason for this also depends on its type. Some of these common reasons are:

Open-angle glaucoma: This is the most common. In this, there is pressure on the back part of the eye due to accumulation of fluid in the eye. Because of that pressure, a large angle is created between the iris and the cornea.

Angle closure glaucoma: This type of glaucoma also causes a large amount of fluid to accumulate in the eye. Due to this , due to pressure on the eyes, a small angle is formed or is not formed at all.

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Secondary glaucoma: This is due to some other disease or adverse effect of medicines on the body. Especially that high blood pressure or diabetes are the main reasons for this.

Congenital glaucoma: This type of glaucoma can occur in the baby due to a deficiency during birth or pregnancy.

Pigmentary glaucoma: In this type of glaucoma, due to the supply of fluid in the eye, a speck is formed which gradually enlarges.

risk Factor

What are the things that can increase the chances of getting glaucoma? (Risk factor of Glaucoma)

  • Intraocular pressure in the eye.
  • Has anyone in the family ever had glaucoma?
  • There are many medicines that can cause this. Such drugs include corticosteroid eye drops.
  • Tonometry test can be done to check the pressure in the eye.
  • You can test how far you can see.
  • Optic nerve test.
  • To know the thickness of the cornea, pachymetry test can be done.
  • Scope test.

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How to treat glaucoma? (Treatment for Glaucoma)

Its treatment depends on its type. Glaucoma can be treated by these things.

Eye drops: These drugs include prostaglandins beta blockers , alpha adrenergic agonists carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, and myotyphrine. These medications for the most part work by lessening the strain in the eye.

Oral therapy: Many doctors also offer oral therapy along with eye drops. Acetazolamide is also one of these.

Laser Trabecoplasty: This treatment is used to limit the flow of fluid in the veins of the eye. This treatment can be given by laser in the eye clinic.

Apart from this, glaucoma is also treated by surgery:

Glaucoma surgery is called trabeculectomy in medical parlance . This is done to reduce the risk of damage to the optic nerve. You know about glaucoma, in this disease, fluids keep secreting irregularly in the eyes , due to which the pressure in the eyes increases. Later on, due to irregularity of fluids, optic nerve injury occurs. Due to which things are not visible properly. Glaucoma occurs in people over the age of 40 and affects 1 in 50 people.

Lifestyle and home remedies

If glaucoma is not treated in time, then it turns into blindness later on. Your anesthetist will have told you several ways to anesthetic ( numb or sedate ). It takes about 45 to 75 minutes to perform the surgery. Because, surgeons remove the fluid that collects in the eye during the operation. If you have any confusion or question in your mind even during surgery, then definitely ask the surgeon.

Tips to follow during treatment

If you do not pay attention to your health while taking the treatment of glaucoma, then the problem can increase more. There are many things you should keep in mind while treating glaucoma.

Do not do any such work, which increases the pressure of the eyes. Putting pressure on the eyes or putting more pressure on the eyes can aggravate the problem.

  • Instill the drop in the eye regularly.
  • You should include such foods in your diet which keep the eyes healthy. You must include nuts, citrus fruits, milk, carrots, leafy vegetables in your diet.
  • If you are allergic to any medicine during eye treatment, then definitely tell the doctor about it.
  • Fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin A should be consumed in the diet.
  • You can include eggs, wheat, walnuts, spinach, vegetable oil, etc. in the food for vitamin A. Also, include tomatoes, strawberries, broccoli, mossami, lemon etc. for vitamin C.
  • If you are a non-vegetarian, then you can easily include zinc-rich food in your diet. Sea food is considered a good source of zinc.
  • Ask your doctor what kind of exercise will be beneficial for you along with a healthy diet.
  • Get the tests done on a regular basis and follow the instructions of the doctor.

Tell the doctors if you have any other diseases like asthma , high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease etc.

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