What Is Kidney Infection? Know Its Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

What is kidney infection? Know its symptoms, causes and treatment

Kidney infection is a problem that can happen to any person. Kidney infection is related to your kidney. Kidney is one such organ of the body, which controls the entire system of passing urine. In case of kidney infection, you can have many health problems. Today we will tell you about different aspects of kidney infection in this article.

What is kidney infection?

A kidney infection (pyelonephritis) is a type of urinary tract infection (UTI) that usually begins in the urethra or bladder and spreads to one or both kidneys. In case of kidney infection, immediate medical help is needed. If kidney infection is not treated properly, it can cause permanent kidney damage . Additionally, if you have a kidney infection, bacteria can get into your bloodstream, which can lead to a life-threatening infection. Antibiotics are usually given in the treatment of kidney infection. Sometimes kidney infection requires hospitalization.

Why is kidney important in the body?

The main function of the kidney is to remove waste from the body and take up excess water from the blood. They are part of our urinary tract, which make liquid waste and remove it from the body. It acts like a work exhaust system, which ensures that waste flows out of the body. Urinary Track Kidney Ureters This is a thin tube, which is attached to both kidneys. It carries urine to the bladder. If bacteria or infection spread to all these organs, then it is called urinary track infection.

In most cases of kidney infection , the infection first spreads to your bladder. It is usually painful, but it is not serious. If bacteria reach the ureters, then you get a kidney infection. This kidney infection can be fatal if left untreated.

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Symptoms of kidney infection

Following are the symptoms of kidney infection:

  • If you have this problem, you may get fever and cold.
  • If you have kidney infection, you will not feel hungry.
  • stomach pain or vomiting
  • weakness or tiredness

Apart from the above symptoms, you may also see symptoms of bladder infection.

  • The pressure of passing urine repeatedly, even when the bladder is empty, can feel like this.
  • lower abdominal pain

Apart from the above symptoms, there may be some other symptoms of kidney infection. If you have a problem of bladder infection, then seek help from a doctor immediately. This condition can turn into kidney infection.

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due to kidney infection

Kidney infection is caused by the entry of bacteria into the urethra and its re-growth in the bladder. After this the infection reaches the kidney. However, bacteria can reach the kidney in several ways.

Following are the causes of kidney infection:

Toilet Hygiene: Even after going to the toilet and cleaning the anus with toilet paper, the genitals can be exposed to infection. In this case, it can reach your kidney. Kidney infection can occur if you use an infected toilet. It can enter the body through the anus. It often causes kidney infection when bacteria take over the colon.

Being female: Women are at higher risk of bladder infection than men. This turns into a kidney infection. Since, the urethra of women is smaller, the infection can easily reach the part of the urinary tract.

Urinary catheter: A urinary catheter is a tube that is inserted through the urethra into the bladder to drain urine. In such a situation, the risk of urinary tract infection from urinary catheter increases. This causes infection.

Kidney stones: People suffering from kidney stones are more prone to kidney infection. Dissolved minerals accumulate on the inner lining of the kidney, which takes the form of kidney stones.

Enlargement of the prostate : Men who have an enlarged prostate are at risk of kidney infection.

Weak immune system: Some people have a weak immune system , which leads to fungal or bacterial infections of their skin. Often this infection reaches the bloodstream and attacks the kidneys.

Sexually active women: If the urethra is irritated during sexual intercourse, then there is a high risk of spreading bacteria to the urinary tract. This bacteria reaches the kidney and causes infection.

Preventive measures for kidney infection

  • Water is considered very important in preventing this problem. Fluid can help flush out bacteria from your body while passing urine.
  • Do not hold urine. As soon as you feel the passing of urine, you have to pass urine immediately. Do not delay in passing urine in any way.
  • Cleaning Note: After passing urine, wipe from front to back properly. This can prevent the access of bacteria to the urethra.

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When to see a doctor?

If you have blood in your urine or if a kidney infection is suspected, you should contact your doctor immediately. Additionally, you should consult a doctor if you have a UTI infection and your symptoms do not improve.

kidney infection treatment

The treatment of this problem depends on its severity. If the infection is mild, then in the first phase of treatment, your doctor may give you oral antibiotics. These medicines can be changed after getting specific information about bacterial infection after urine test.

  • You may need to take antibiotics, usually for two or more weeks. Your doctor may do a urine culture test after treatment is complete. This will ensure that the infection is completely cured and does not spread again. If needed, you may need to take another course of antibiotics.
  • In severe cases you may be admitted to the hospital. During this time you may be given intravenous antibiotics and intravenous fluids.
  • In many cases, surgery may be done to correct the blockage or problem shape in the urinary tract. This can prevent new kidney infections.

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In the end, we will say that the above things should be taken care of in kidney infection. Ask your doctor for help if you need it. If you have any other question you can ask on our Facebook page. We will try our best to answer all your questions in the comment box. You must share this article to make your near and dear ones aware of this information.

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