Knowing The Risk Factors of Coronary Artery Disease Can Save You From Deadly Diseases

Knowing The Risk Factors of Coronary Artery Disease Can Save You From Deadly Diseases

Coronary illness is the main source of death for all kinds of people. Coronary conduit infection is the most widely recognized sort of coronary illness. The most common cause of CAD is the build-up of plaque in the coronary arteries. Apart from this, the Risk Factors for Coronary Artery Disease are many, some of which we can also control. In this article, information related to the risk factors of CAD is being given.

Risk Factors For Coronary Artery Disease

First we will learn about the risk factors of coronary artery disease which cannot be controlled. Because we are not able to monitor their effect.

Knowing The Risk Factors of Coronary Artery Disease Can Save You From Deadly Diseases

The risk of CAD also increases with age. This is because of the development of plaque over the long run. According to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute of America, the risk of CAD for women increases by age 55 and for men by age 45. Mortality in women increases after menopause. A woman's risk of death from CAD is equal to or greater than a man's risk by age 75.

Heart disease often occurs as people age, to some degree at the level of the heart muscle and coronary arteries. Changes in the body with age create conditions that make heart disease more likely to develop. For example, the walls of smooth artery vessels can naturally develop rough surfaces with abnormal blood flow that attract plaque buildup and cause hardening of the arteries.

Risk factors and ethnicity of coronary artery disease

Sometimes people of certain caste or community are at higher risk of coronary artery disease , but CAD has emerged as the leading cause of death in almost all castes or communities. Including American Indians, Asian Americans, Alaska Natives etc. In India too, cases of CAD have been seen consistently across all castes. The increased risk of heart disease in some races is associated with increased rates of hypertension, obesity and diabetes mellitus. These are risk factors for coronary illness.

Family history is also included in the risk factors of coronary artery disease.

Heart disease can pass from one generation to the next in the family. According to the Heart Federation, having a close family member who has heart disease increases your risk of heart disease. Your risk increases if a father or brother was diagnosed with heart disease before age 55 , or if your mother or sister was diagnosed with heart disease before age 65.

Additionally, children are at increased risk if both the mother and father have been diagnosed with heart disease before the age of 55. There may also be an inherited predisposition to developing type 1 or 2 diabetes mellitus, or any other disease or symptom that increases the risk of CAD.

Coronary artery disease risk factors that can be controlled

Here is information about some such risk factors of CAD. Which a person can easily control and prevent heart disease.


Even if you do not have any of the risk factors, only smoking that is firsthand or secondhand can increase the risk of CAD and if any of the risk factors are already present then the risk of CAD increases with smoking. Smoking with a family history of heart disease or taking birth control pills can be dangerous.

Abnormal cholesterol levels

High- density lipoprotein and high-density lipoprotein are factors that can lead to a serious risk of CAD. LDL is called terrible cholesterol and HDL is called great cholesterol. High levels of LDL and low levels of HDL increase the risk of plaque formation in the arteries. When one of these occurs with a high triglyceride level the additional risk is increased.

The doctor will be able to check different cholesterol levels in the bloodstream to see if they are too high or low. If any of your cholesterol level abnormalities are found, the doctor will suggest an effective treatment plan that needs to be followed. Due to which the level of cholesterol can be normalized.

High blood pressure

Blood pressure is a measure of the pressure on blood vessels that results from the pumping of the heart and the circulation of blood at rest. Over time, high blood pressure or hypertension causes the heart muscles to become enlarged or not working properly. Aim to keep blood pressure consistently below 120/80 mmHg. Systolic pulse is the top number and diastolic circulatory strain is the base number.

Stage 1 high blood pressure is defined as a systolic blood pressure greater than 130 mmHg and a diastolic blood pressure greater than 80 mmHg, or both.

being physically inactive

It is one of the risk factors of coronary artery disease that can be controlled very easily. For this, just make a little exercise or walking a part of your routine. It will also help you reduce other risk factors of CAD. Such as in reducing blood, reducing cholesterol and providing strength to heart muscles. Exercise and physical activities are helpful in maintaining a healthy weight.

Overweight and obesity

Being overweight or obese increases the risk of CAD dramatically. Being very overweight is often associated with high blood pressure or diabetes mellitus. It is directly related to unhealthy diet and lack of physical activity.

Overweight or obesity is usually defined in terms of body mass index (BMI). BMI, calculated based on height and weight, should remain between 18.5 and 24.9. A BMI of 25 or higher, especially if you are overweight around your midsection, increases your risk of CAD.

Diabetes mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is also included in the risk factors of coronary artery disease . Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which the body does not use insulin properly or does not make enough insulin. 

Know about these risk factors of coronary artery disease (Contributing risk factors)

These risk factors are not discussed much, but be aware that certain behaviors may increase your risk for heart disease, even if they are not classified as traditional risk factors. For example, frequent use of certain legal and illegal drugs can lead to high blood pressure and increase the risk of heart failure, heart attack or stroke. Cocaine and amphetene use increase the risk of developing heart disease.

Heavy alcohol consumption also increases the risk of heart disease. On the off chance that you drink intensely or use drugs, consider conversing with your primary care physician or mental advisor about therapies or detox projects to stay away from possibly hazardous unexpected problems.

Hope you have got the necessary information related to the risk factors of coronary artery disease. Please consult an expert for more details. If you have any other question you can ask on our Facebook page. We will try our best to answer all your questions in the comment box. 

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