What Is Cholera? Know Its Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

Cholera: What is cholera? Know its symptoms, causes and treatment

What is cholera?

Cholera is a bacterial infection that causes diarrhea. Cholera microscopic organisms are typically found in water or food that has been polluted by excrement. Cholera is a serious disease characterized by severe diarrhea and dehydration. In severe cases, it is necessary to get it treated immediately as in these cases death can also occur within a few hours. Cholera is a very rare disease in developed countries, but you can become a victim if you travel to a country that does not have proper water and sewage facilities. Cholera is not a disease whose treatment is very difficult or the patient recovers with difficulty. In this, most people recover quickly by consuming the right oral fluids.

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What are the symptoms of cholera? (Symptoms of Cholera)

In most cases of cholera, it is not even known that you have been a victim of this disease. Cholera bacteria are released from the stool for seven to fourteen days after coming into contact with this infection. One in ten people who are infected begin to have common symptoms two or three days after infection. These symptoms are as follows:

  • sudden diarrhea _
  • nausea
  • Vomiting
  • loss of skin elasticity
  • low blood pressure
  • Mild to severe dehydration: The dehydration that occurs in cholera can be severe. Symptoms include tiredness, dry eyes, dry mouth, excessive thirst, decreased urination , irregular heartbeat, and low blood pressure. Due to dehydration , the minerals present in the blood can be reduced, which can lead to electrolyte imbalance. Its first symptom is severe muscle cramps. Electrolyte imbalance can also cause shock.

Symptoms of Cholera in Kids

Children with cholera can have the same symptoms as adults, but children can also feel these symptoms:

  • drowsiness
  • Fever _
  • Twitch
  • Coma _

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What are the causes of cholera? (Cause of Cholera)

  • Vibrio cholerae is the bacteria that causes cholera infection. However, the lethal effects of this disease are the result of a potent toxin called CTX. CTX is a bacterium that originates in the small intestine. Due to this, there is a huge loss of water from the body and electrolytes are removed from the body.
  • Contaminated water is the main cause of cholera, although raw fruits, vegetables etc. can also cause it.

           Cholera microorganisms have two unmistakable life                       cycles - one in the climate and one in people.

cholera bacteria in the environment

Cholera bacteria are found naturally in coastal waters, where they attach to small crustaceans called copepods. From here they spread everywhere, such as by algae. Some types of algae and plankton grow rapidly as the water temperature rises. The growth of this algae is further encouraged by the urea found in sewage and agriculture.

Cholera bacteria in humans

When the bacteria of cholera enter the human body, he himself does not become ill. But, they remove the bacteria in their stool. When this feces contaminates food and water, both food and water become a good source for the growth of cholera bacteria. The most common sources oThe most well-known wellsprings of cholera are: 

Water: Cholera bacteria can live in water for a long time, and a contaminated public well is more likely to contain cholera bacteria. People living in crowded places where there is a lack of sanitation also increase the risk of cholera.

Seafood: Raw or undercooked seafood, especially shellfish, can expose humans to cholera bacteria.

Raw fruits and vegetables: In areas where cholera is widespread, raw, undercooked fruits and vegetables can also cause the spread of cholera infection.

Cereals: Cereals such as rice and millet can also cause cholera bacteria to spread. When these grains are allowed to remain at room temperature for several hours , bacteria grow more in them.

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What is the risk of cholera? (Risk factor of cholera)

Everyone can fall ill because of cholera. Factors can increase the risk, and the including:

  • If you live in a place where there is no sanitation or the water is contaminated , you are at higher risk of getting this disease.
  • If someone in your family has this problem, then you may also be more likely to get this disease.
  • It has been seen that people of 'O' blood type are more prone to cholera.
  • People who eat raw shellfish have a higher risk of getting this disease.
  • Individuals who have low degrees of stomach corrosive.

  • The Treatment

What is the treatment of cholera? (Treatment for Cholera)

If you notice symptoms of cholera, you should contact a doctor immediately. The doctor will make sure whether there is cholera or not by taking a stool sample. Rapid cholera dipstick tests are also available, which are performed by doctors in remote areas to confirm the diagnosis of cholera. If cholera is diagnosed early, it also leads to early treatment and reduces the chances of death.

Common methods of treatment of cholera are as follows:

  • Oral Rehydration Salt
  • Intravenous fluid rehydration
  • Antibiotics _
  • Zinc supplements

By this treatment, the lack of fluids in the body is fulfilled and it also helps in reducing the duration of diarrhoea .

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home remedies

What are the home remedies for cholera? (Home remedies for cholera)

There are some easy ways you can adopt to avoid cholera, such as:

  • Always use purified or clean water for drinking. Along with this, use purified water for washing dishes, brushing teeth as well.
  • If you have to use tap water, first boil it or use it after adding iodine to the water.
  • Always wash your hands with soap and water, especially after going to the bathroom and before eating and cooking food.
  • Make sure that the food you are eating is fully cooked and served hot.
  • Do not eat raw fruits and vegetables, especially without washing them.

In case of cholera problem, be in consultation with the doctor along with these home remedies.

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