Sleep Apnea: What is Sleep Apnea? Know its Causes, Symptoms And Remedies

Sleep Apnea: What is Sleep Apnea? Know its causes, symptoms and remedies

Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder characterized by difficulty in breathing while sleeping. While sleeping, the person's breathing stops repeatedly. Due to this, the mind and body do not get enough oxygen. Patients with sleep apnea get stuck while sleeping at night. In fact, they themselves do not even know about it. The process of stopping breathing while sleeping can last from a few seconds to a few minutes.

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Who may be at higher risk of sleep apnea?

Generally, people suffering from the problem of overweight and obesity may have a higher risk of getting it. In addition, there may be a lot or a genetic or family problem. According to research, these sleep problems are more common in men than women. Some children who have tonsils can also see this kind of problem.

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Types of Sleep Apnea

There are two types of Sleep Apnea:

1. Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a disease that is related to both sleep and breathing. This occurs when there is a blockage in the airway. Because of this, part of the nose or the whole nose gets blocked and you start breathing through the mouth. Therefore, you must have noticed that most of the people when snoring , their mouth is full or half open.

2. Central Sleep Apnea

In central sleep apnea (CSA), there is no airway blockage, but in this your brain is unable to signal to the muscles to breathe.

Symptoms of Sleep Apnea:

  • Snoring while sleeping
  • feeling restless in sleep
  • feeling suffocated or short of breath while sleeping
  • Sweating and feeling chest pain while sleeping
  • sleeping more during the day and being lethargic throughout the day
  • Headache after waking up in the morning
  • Feeling lethargic and tired even after getting enough sleep
  • memory loss and inability to concentrate

Sleep Apnea:

  • if you are male
  • you are overweight
  • if you are over 40
  • If your neck size is more than 17 inches
  • You have tonsils or you have a big tongue

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What else can cause sleep apnea? 

The problem of sleep apnea can depend on the physical structure of a person or the causes of medical conditions. These may include obesity, enlarged tonsils, endocrine disorders, neuromuscular disorders, problems with heart and kidney failure, certain genetic syndromes and premature birth.

Apart from this, the following conditions can also cause it, including:

  • hi blood pressure
  • heart attack
  • diabetes
  • depression
  • worsening of ADHD
  • headache
  • Obesity : The problem of obesity can be one of the most common reasons for this. Usually, the problem of sleep apnea is most commonly seen in adults due to obesity. People with this condition have an increase in the fat in their neck, due to which their upper airway gets blocked while sleeping.
  • Genetic syndromes: Genetic syndromes affecting the structure of the face or brain, especially syndromes that cause small facial bones or shortening of the tongue. In these genetic syndromes
  • Heart and kidney failure: People who have problems with heart or kidney failure are also most at risk of this. In such people, a fluid starts to accumulate in the neck, which blocks the upper tract of the airway and gives rise to this problem.
  • Premature birth: Babies who are born before the 37th week of pregnancy are also at the highest risk. Due to this, the development of the child's brain can also be hindered.
  • Neuromuscular condition: When we have a neuromuscular condition, our brain is unable to transmit messages to the airways and chest muscles, due to which the risk of sleep apnea increases. Some of these conditions are stroke, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, myotonic dystrophy, post-polio syndrome, dermatomyositis, myasthenia gravis and Lambert-Ettet myasthenic syndrome.

How can you treat sleep apnea? (Treatment for Sleep Apnea)

To treat sleep apnea, you need to make changes in your lifestyle. For this, make the following changes:

  • lose weight
  • Avoid drug abuse
  • change sleeping pattern
  • Quit Smoking
  • don't sleep on your back

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How is sleep apnea diagnosed? (Diagnosis of Sleep Apnea)

To diagnose sleep apnea, sleep specialists assess a person's sleep patterns to understand their sleep patterns and processes. Check how fast or how slow a person's breathing is while sleeping. Along with this, for how long a person's breathing stops while sleeping, they also study it. In addition, sleep specialists also determine whether the person's blood oxygen levels are low during these events.

“Dr Mudassar Choudhary, Consultant Neurologist, Fortis Hospital, Mulund, says that a survey report by Fortis highlights that since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, Indian adults have experienced difficulty in sleeping ( 37%), experienced new sleep challenges such as difficulty falling asleep (27%) and waking up during the night (39%). Studies have found that 80% of patients with sleep apnea experience daytime sleepiness and lethargy, while only 52% of people who do not have sleep apnea experience the same. 47% of participants also said that sleep apnea was affecting their relationships. Sleep apnea can also lead to serious health problems including heart conditions, stroke, neurological disorders, diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity. That's why getting good sleep on time is essential."

How can sleep apnea be treated?

Treatment of this sleep disorder requires treatment of Continuous Positive Air Pressure (CPAP) as well as appropriate lifestyle changes. If the problem of this sleep disorder persists for a long time, then it increases the risk of serious health conditions like heart attack, glaucoma, diabetes, cancer and cognitive and behavioral disorders. can also become.

Understand the problem of sleep apnea and keep the things mentioned above in mind. If you ignore this as a common problem, then this problem can get worse. Therefore, it is important to get it treated in time.

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