Valvular Heart Disease: Symptoms, Causes, Surgery, and Treatment - Wikipedia

Valvular Heart Disease: Know the complete information about this heart related disease here!

The human body starts working with birth and some parts of the body do not even get a chance to rest. If this thing seems strange to you, then I will explain it in simple words with the help of an example. Like we often tell or hear someone or the other that take some rest. Now when you relax, the body is in a relaxed position, the arms and legs are still and the eyes can be closed. By the way, no matter how much you rest, but some special part of the body like our heart keeps beating in one speed. Therefore, today we will share with you information related to heart disease Valvular Heart Disease (VHD). Now just read this article by heart, because do you know that this information can be helpful in saving someone from heart disease i.e. Valvular Heart Disease.

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Pending Questions:

  1. What is Valvular Heart Disease?
  2. What are the symptoms of valvular heart disease?
  3. What are the causes of valvular heart disease?
  4. How is Valvular Heart Disease Diagnosed?
  5. How is Valvular Heart Disease Treated?

Let us now know the answer to these questions related to Valvular Heart Disease [VHD].

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What is Valvular Heart Disease?

When one of the 4 valves present in the heart starts getting damaged or any other problem starts, it is called Valvular Heart Disease. There can be many reasons for valve disease. Heart valves play their special role in allowing blood to enter the heart. However, if for any reason the valves are not able to balance the blood flow, the risk of valvular heart disease increases. The problem of valvular heart disease can be from birth or it can also be due to infection, heart attack or heart disease. According to a report published in the Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, when problems start in the blood circulation inside the heart, then the sound of the heartbeat starts changing. which Heart murmur. Heart murmurs indicate valvular heart disease. There are also different types of valvular heart disease, which will be read further.

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(Diffrent Types of Valvular Heart Disease)

These diseases are of two different types-

  1. Valvular stenosis - When the valve is not able to open completely, blood does not reach the heart properly, then such condition is called valvular stenosis.
  2. Valvular insufficiency – If the valve does not close properly, blood starts leaking out of the heart. Such a situation is called value infidelity.

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What are the symptoms of valvular heart disease? 

(Symptoms of Valvular Heart Disease)

Heart disease

The symptoms of valvular heart disease can be the following. like:

  • Change in the sound of the heartbeat.
  • Feeling of difficulty in breathing.
  • Feeling anxious or restless.
  • Chest pain
  • Dizziness
  • Frequent headache.
  • Coughing up
  • faint.
  • Swelling in the abdomen, legs, or joints.
  • Having pulmonary edema.
  • Irregular heartbeat problems.

The above-mentioned symptoms point to valvular heart disease. Therefore, if you feel any such problem, then consult a doctor as soon as possible.

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What are the causes of valvular heart disease? (Cause of Valvular Heart Disease)

Valvular heart disease can be due to the following reasons. like:

  • Having problems with pulmonary edema.
  • Heart murmur problem.
  • Valve not working properly.
  • Having heart failure.
  • Having a heart attack.

These can be the reasons, but this disease can be treated by diagnosis.

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How is Valvular Heart Disease Diagnosed? (Diagnosis of Valvular Heart Disease)

According to the report published in the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), this heart disease is diagnosed by the following tests. like:

  • Electrocardiogram [ECG] - With the help of electrocardiogram test, the patient's heart rate, monitoring of cardiac rhythm, information about problems related to heart and blood vessels is available.
  • Chestray - With the help of chest X-ray, information about chest infection is found.
  • Cardiac MRI - With the help of MRI, it helps to do heart problem analysis.
  • Exercise tests or stress tests - With the help of this test, information is given about the blood flow in the heart.
  • Cardiac catheterization- If there is a blood clot in the heart, then with the help of cardiac catheterization test, information about blood clotting is given.

These different tests may be necessary to diagnose valvular heart disease. Apart from this, if the patient is suffering from any other disease, then it may be advisable to get another body checkup or test done, so that the patient does not face any other problem during the treatment.

How is Valvular Heart Disease Treated? (Treatment for Valvular Heart Disease)

Valvular heart disease (VHD) is treated keeping in mind the health condition of the patient. like:


  1. Beta blocker or calcium channel blocker
  2. Diuretics
  3. Vasodilators

These drugs can be prescribed.

Note: The names of the medicines are given for your information only. Do not take any medicines on your own free will, as there is a risk of side effects. Along with this, take the dosage as prescribed by the doctor. Many times we all make this mistake that the prescribed drugs start consuming more than the dosage, because due to the prescription, it is easy to buy these medicines anytime.


  • Doctors try to fix the valve with the help of surgery.
  • In people whose valves are completely damaged, the valve can be replaced with the help of surgery.

Valvular heart disease is treated in two different ways.

What other problems can be caused by Valvular Heart Disease?

If valvular heart disease (HVD) occurs and its treatment is not started in time, it can increase the risk of the following problems. like:

  • Having heart failure.
  • Stroke coming.
  • Blood clots.
  • Heart beat being abnormal.
  • Sometimes a person may even die due to this disease.

It is very important to get treatment for Valvular Heart Disease. Along with this, if some important things are taken care of, then it can help in reducing the symptoms of Valvular Heart Disease. Therefore follow a balance and healthy diet daily. If your weight is excessively high, then balance the weight. Regular exercise or yoga is necessary to control weight. Apart from this, keep away from smoking and alcohol. To reduce the risk of this heart disease, take null 7 to 8 hours of sleep daily and be tension free.

If you want to know the answer of any kind of question related to Valvular Heart Disease, then you can ask us by writing in the comment box. However, if you are suffering from valvular heart disease, then consult a doctor, because in such a situation the doctor will start treatment at the earliest by keeping in mind your health condition and understanding the symptoms of valvular heart disease.

How can you take care of the heart properly! Take the quiz given below to know the answers and scores.

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