Cardiac catheterization is a procedure to check whether the heart is working properly or not. During this procedure, a thin hollow tube called a catheter is inserted into large blood vessels. These blood vessels go to the heart. This procedure is used to treat cardiovascular conditions. In some heart conditions, such as coronary angioplasty and coronary stenting, cardiac catheterization is used.

Normally during cardiac catheterization, the person is conscious and the medication given to him helps him to relax. The recovery time of cardiac catheterization is short and there is no risk of complications.

Why is cardiac catheterization done? (Cardiac catheterization uses)

This process is also called cardiac cath or heart cath. It is used to find out if a person has any type of heart muscle, heart valve or coronary heart artery disease. Along with this, it is also used to correct heart problem . During the procedure, the patient's heart pressure and blood flow are measured. If doctors are using cardiac catheterization to diagnose heart disease, they can do the following:

  • Can detect narrowed or clogged blood vessels that are causing chest pain.
  • Detects the pressure and level of oxygen in different parts of the body.
  • The pumping function of the heart is checked.
  • Tissue sample may be taken for biopsy.
  • Know about congenital heart diseases.

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Cardiac catheterization is also used in the treatment of heart disease. These procedures are as follows.

  • To widen narrow arteries without stent placement. This is called Angioplasty .
  • To close the hole in the heart and correct any congenital defect
  • To open the narrow heart valve. This is called Balloon valvuloplasty.
  • To treat irregular heart rhythm.
  • To close off any part that prevents the formation of blood clots.

What are the risks of cardiac catheterization? (Cardiac catheterization Risk)

Like every procedure known to the heart and blood vessels, this procedure also has some risks, but the major complications are few. The risks of cardiac catheterization are as follows.

  • bruising at the insertion site
  • upset stomach
  • itchy
  • hives
  • Allergic reaction to the medicine or dye used during the procedure
  • infection
  • Chest pain
  • Mild skin reaction to X-ray exposure
  • Kidney failure
  • Heart attack , blood clots, stroke

If you are pregnant or planning a pregnancy, tell your doctor before the procedure.

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How to Prepare for Cardiac Catheterization? (Before Cardiac catheterization procedure)

Cardiac catheterization procedure is performed in the hospital. This may require some preparation. Follow the following things before the process.

  • Do not eat or drink anything for 6 hours before the procedure. Food in the stomach can increase the complexity of anesthesia.
  • If a person has a problem with diabetes, then ask the doctor about the use of diabetes medicines and insulin. After some time the patient is able to eat or drink anything.
  • The doctor may refuse to take certain medicines that thin the blood such as aspirin , warfarin, (Aspirin).
  • Before the test, the doctor will check the blood pressure and pulse .
  • You will be asked to go to the toilet to empty the bladder.
  • You will need to remove dentures or any type of jewellery.

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During the catheterization procedure

Cardiac catheterization is performed using a special X-ray and imaging machine in the procedure. Like an operating form, the cardiac catheterization lab is a sterile area. During this procedure the person is conscious, but is given sedatives. At the same time, general anesthesia is given to the patient during valve repair, valve replacement etc. This process is as follows.

  • During the cath procedure, the nurse will insert the IV line into your arm so that you can be given sedation, but you will remain awake and able to follow instructions during this time.
  • You will have some monitors through which the heartbeat will be checked during the test.
  • Before the test, the nurse or technician will clean or shave the area where the catheter will be inserted. The area will be numbed before the catheter is inserted. During which you may feel some pain, but it will not happen after the part is numb.
  • The catheter will be inserted as soon as the part is numb. A small cut will be made to access the arteries. Through this the catheter will be inserted. This catheter will reach the blood vessels.
  • The position of the catheter will be monitored through a video screen. It travels through major blood vessels to the heart. During this, the patient may feel pressure on the waist, but the pain will not be felt.

What Happens After Cardiac Catheterization Procedure? (After cardiac catheterization procedure)

You will recover after some time. During this you will have to lie down. During this the following steps will be followed.

  • Pressure will be applied to the puncture site to stop the bleeding.
  • The patient will be asked to keep the legs straight and you cannot get out of bed for some time.
  • During recovery, the patient's blood pressure and pulse will be checked.
  • If any kind of bleeding, chest pain or bleeding is felt during this time, then talk to the doctor.
  • Before leaving the hospital, the doctor will instruct you what you should or should not do.

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Cardiac Catheterization Results

If cardiac catheterization is used as a test, the doctor will communicate the result to the patient. If a coronary angiogram has been done, the result may mean that the patient needs angioplasty or a stent . In this case, the doctor may immediately perform angioplasty with or without a stent so that you do not need another cardiac catheterization. Your doctor should discuss whether this is a possibility before the procedure begins.

The result may also reveal that the patient needs coronary bypass surgery, also known as open heart surgery . In this way the whole process is completed.

Hope you have got the necessary information related to Cardiac catheterization. Please consult an expert for more information. If you have any other questions you can ask on our email.

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