Colitis is the inflammation that comes in the colon. The colon or large intestine is a long empty tube, through which the stool coming out of the body goes out of the anus.

The colon is found in the peritoneum, which is located in the abdominal cavity.


Common symptoms of Colitis can be

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When did you see your doctor?

If you are experiencing any such symptoms, then definitely consult your doctor.

Everyone's body behaves differently in different situations, so take the advice of a doctor for treatment according to your body.

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What can cause colitis ? (Cause of Colitis)

Very often the cause of colitis cannot be found. Some of the causes of colitis can be as follows:

  • Infection with virus or parasite.
  • Infection caused by bacteria.
  • Having Crohn 's disease.
  • Blockage of blood flow. (Ischemic colitis).

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investigation and treatment

The information given here is not a substitute for any medical advice. Be sure to visit a doctor for the right treatment according to you.

How can colitis be diagnosed ? (Diagnosis of Colitis)

Your doctor will do a physical examination of you and will also ask about the symptoms you are having:

such as:

  • For how many days have you had these symptoms?
  • How much and where are you hurting?
  • Do you have a problem with diarrhea?
  • You are not traveling continuously so that the problem of your colitis is increasing.
  • Are you taking antibiotics?

You can also check for colitis by inserting a flexible tube (flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy) into the rectum. A biopsy can also be done during this examination . With the help of a biopsy, you can find out the cause of the burning.

Along with this, whether you have colitis or not can also be detected.

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How is Colonoscopy done?

Colonoscopy takes about 30 to 60 minutes to perform. You remain unconscious for about an hour after the test. You are only put on a gown during the test. You are then given anesthetics. So that there is no problem during the test.

Then the doctor will ask you to lie down on your side. Out of which the knee of one leg will stick to your chest. So that the doctor can easily insert the colonoscope inside your rectum.

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The scope is long enough to reach inside your colon. The scope consists of a light, a camera and a tube. The doctor then injects air (carbon dioxide) into the colon. Which swells the colon and helps to see its inner lining clearly.

The camera on the colonoscope sends pictures of the colon to an external monitor. Seeing which the doctor finds out the condition of the large intestine, colon and rectum.

Along with this, the doctor inserts an instrument through the scope from the same place from which he takes out tissue samples (biopsies) or polyps and other abnormal tissue.

There are other tests that can be done to check for colitis such as:

  • CT scan of the abdomen.
  • MRI of abdomen
  • Barium enema can also be tested.
  • stool culture
  • Colitis can also be detected by examining ova or parasites in the stool.

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How can colitis be treated? (Treatment for Colitis)

The treatment of colitis depends on its cause. If the condition of colitis is not fully investigated, then initially you can treat some important symptoms by stopping or reducing the pain.

Medicines can be given according to the patient to prevent or reduce the condition of inflammatory bowel.

If the bacteria causing the infection are not known, then you will not be given antibiotics.

Medicines given for diarrhea should be used with caution, especially if you already have fever and abdominal pain.

Please consult your doctor or pharmacist before taking any diarrhea medicine.

Most causes of colitis cannot be treated with surgery.

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Lifestyle and home remedies

What lifestyle changes and home remedies can you help with? (Lifestyle and home remedies for Colitis)

By keeping these things in mind, you can avoid or control colitis:

  • Do not eat too much solid food, try to eat more watery food so that there is no shortage of water in the body and your colon can get rest.
  • Do not eat things that are increasing your symptoms of colitis because it can make your colitis worse.
  • Do not eat too much fried and roasted food.
  • Eat less milk or products made from it.
  • Take popcorn, seeds, nuts or corn in the food to make your digestion easier.
  • People who cannot digest lactose easily should not take dairy products.

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What to eat when you have colitis?

Certain diets may help relieve symptoms of colitis, such as:

Also, note those foods in your diary, as some foods make colitis symptoms worse.

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Apart from this, the doctor can give you a diet plan, which will be something like:

  • Eat less fiber
  • eat a lactose-free diet
  • Take low fat food
  • Eat less salt

Along with this, your doctor may ask you to take some other supplements as well. If you have any problem with your diet then go straight to your doctor and talk to him.

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