What problems can a hole in the eardrum cause me?

Having a hole in the eardrum can lead to the following problems: Symptoms, Causes, & Signs

  • Deafness: Temporary deafness usually occurs due to a perforation in the eardrum. As long as it lasts, the hole in your eardrum will not heal on its own. However, the size and position of the hole in the eardrum can affect the degree of hearing loss.
  • Middle ear infection (otitis media): A hole in the eardrum can allow bacteria to enter your ear. If the hole in the eardrum does not heal, small numbers of bacteria can enter the ear, causing infection. This group of bacteria can cause chronic drainage and deafness.
  • Middle ear cyst (cholesteatoma): In very rare cases, a middle ear cyst can arise. These lumps are made up of skin cells and other waste material. Due to their formation in the middle part of the ear, there can be a hole in the eardrum.
  • Usually the waste from the ear canal reaches the outer part of the ear along with the earwax. If you have a hole in your eardrum, skin waste can reach your middle ear and form lumps. The formation of cysts in the middle year encourages bacteria. They contain protein, which can damage the bones of the middle ear.

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How is a hole in the eardrum diagnosed?

This condition can be detected in the following ways:

  • Laboratory Tests: If there is discharge from the ear, the doctor may order a laboratory test or culture test to rule out bacterial infection in the middle ear .
  • Turning Fork Evaluation: In this, sounds are created with metal instruments. The deafness can be detected in a simple way by banging these instruments together. The cause of deafness can be traced to damage to the vibration part in the middle ear (including the eardrum), damage to the sensor, or nerve damage to the inner ear, or both.
  • A tympanometer (a device) may be inserted into the ear canal to measure the response of the eardrum to changes in air pressure. Some types of reactions can point to a hole in the ear.
  • Audiology exam: If other tests don't detect a hole in the ear, the doctor may do an audiology test. In this, sound is played at different volume levels and pitches, which is used to assess your hearing.

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Ruptured Eardrum Symptoms, Causes, & Signs

How is a hole in the eardrum treated?

In most cases of perforation of the eardrum, it heals on its own within a few weeks. If there is evidence of infection, the doctor may recommend ear drops. If the hole in the eardrum does not heal on its own, then this hole is closed through treatment.

This includes the following methods of treatment:

  • Ear patch: If a hole in your eardrum does not heal on its own, an ear, nose and throat specialist may stitch up the hole. In this method, the doctor may apply a chemical to the edges of the hole. After that he can sew this hole. This chemical stimulates growth in the affected area. This process may need to be repeated more than once before the hole is closed.
  • Surgery: If there is a hole in the eardrum and it does not heal by applying a patch, then surgery is done. Usually tympanoplasty surgery is done. In this, the doctor can cut some of your tissue and put it on this hole. This surgery is done as an outpatient. This means that you can go home the same day after the surgery. You may need to be admitted to the hospital if a condition of medical anesthesia arises.
  • Ruptured Eardrum Symptoms, Causes, & Signs

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home remedies

What are the lifestyle changes that can help me heal a hole in my eardrum?

The following home remedies will help you in providing relief in case of ear piercing:

  • Keep the ear dry. Place a cotton ball with waterproof silicone or petroleum jelly on the ear while you bathe. This will prevent water from getting in your ear.
  • If the eardrum is torn, it should be avoided to clean it. Think about cleaning the ear only after it has completely healed.
  • Avoid blowing the nose (blowing the nose out with a jerk). Clearing the nose with a jerk creates pressure, which can damage the hole in the ear as it heals.

You should contact your doctor in this regard. Because only after seeing your health condition, the doctor can tell you the treatment.

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