What is Zika virus?

Zika virus is a viral infection mainly caused by mosquito bites. This infection is more common in tropical and subtropical regions. Mosquitoes transmit the virus to another person by biting an infected person.

The Zika virus is caused by the bite of a mosquito called Aedes aegypti. Which if once bitten by a person infected with Zika virus and then bitten by another person, then Zika virus infection spreads from one to another.

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Irrespective of the sex, that is, having anal sex , oral sex and vaginal sex , there is a risk of getting Zika. There are about five thousand cases of Zika virus in India every year.

If a woman is pregnant, she is at highest risk of getting Zika. Apart from this, Zika virus also affects lactating women very quickly. At the same time, Zika is also responsible for birth defects in newborns in pregnant women. In this case, prevention is the best cure.

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At the same time, newborns or children are also at risk of getting Zika. Therefore, never go to an area where there is an outbreak of Zika. To avoid Zika virus, you should wear clothes that cover the whole body.

Also, do not allow water to accumulate around the house. Because mosquitoes carrying the Zika virus breed only in dirty water.

The Zika virus is detected by a blood test, as well as symptoms such as fever , vomiting , pain , joint pain , etc. , after mosquito bites .

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How Common Is Zika Virus?

Zika virus is common. The disease can be dealt with by controlling its causes. Please consult your doctor for more details.

What are the symptoms of Zika Virus?

In most cases, the Zika virus does not cause symptoms. Common symptoms of Zika virus are:

  • Fever _
  • rashes
  • Joints pain
  • Headache
  • Redness in the white part of the eye. If this disease is passed from mother to child, it can be dangerous. Birth defects can occur in a child born with the Zika virus.
  • eye defects
  • Deafness
  • developmental disturbances
  • Microcephaly (small head)
  • brain defect

When should I see my doctor?

If any of the above-mentioned symptoms occur or you have any questions regarding them, please consult your doctor. Everyone's body functions differently. What is best for your health condition? Consult a doctor for this.

What causes Zika Virus?

Zika virus is a disease spread by mosquito bite . It is spread by the bite of Aedes species mosquito. In 1947, the Zika virus was first discovered in the Zika Forest in Uganda, but has since spread to Southeast and South Asia, the Pacific Islands, and the Americas.

Mosquitoes transmit the virus from infected person to person. It has been proven that Zika virus can also be spread through physical contact and donating blood of an infected person.

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What factors increase the risk of Zika virus?

There are several risk factors for the Zika virus, such as:

1. Living or traveling in countries where there has been an outbreak of this virus. The risk of Zika virus is increased in tropical and subtropical regions .

Areas at particularly high risk include many islands in the Pacific, several countries in Central, South and North America, and islands near West Africa.

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How is Zika Virus Diagnosed?

To diagnose Zika virus, your doctor may ask you about your illness and travel history. Tell the doctor all the details about your international travel . Give complete information to the doctor about sexual relations with anyone . Blood tests are used to diagnose Zika virus. After the test report, the doctor may do some more tests. like-

  • Detection of microcephaly and brain abnormalities using ultrasound .
  • Amniocentesis to test for Zika virus by inserting a needle into the uterus.

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How is Zika Virus Treated?

There is no vaccine for Zika virus. However, the use of over-the-counter medications can help ease symptoms.

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Lifestyle changes and home remedies

  • Mosquitoes carrying the Zika virus are most active from dawn to dusk, but they can also bite at night. Sleep under a mosquito net especially if you are outside.
  • Wear clothes that are full, such as long-sleeved shirts, long pants, socks and shoes to prevent mosquito bites.
  • Reducing the breeding area of ​​mosquitoes will reduce the mosquito population. 

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