Pneumonia is a type of infection, which can affect the left or right part of the lung, or sometimes the whole lung. There are many types of germs that cause pneumonia. In this case, fluid and shed dead cells leak from the infected lungs. In such a situation, it is also difficult for the lungs to get oxygen from the blood. Due to lack of oxygen, the body is unable to function properly. There are many different types of pneumonia, which are as follows:

Types of Pneumonia

Following are the five types of pneumonia-

Bacterial Pneumonia – Caused by bacterial pneumonia caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae. It is often a disease caused by lack of nutrition, aging or any chronic disease.

Viral Pneumonia - Pneumonia caused by influenza or the flu remains at risk of viral pneumonia . The risk of viral pneumonia is higher than having bacterial pneumonia.

Mycoplasma Pneumonia Mycoplasma pneumoniae bacteria are more likely to cause Mycoplasma pneumoniae.

Aspiration Pneumonia - This pneumonia is a disease caused by unhealthy food or dust.

Fungal Pneumonia Pneumonia caused by fungus comes under fungal pneumonia.

What is the risk of pneumonia in people?

How common is pneumonia?

Anyone can get pneumonia, children, people with chronic diseases like COPD and asthma are at higher risk. However, this risk can be reduced. For more information contact your doctor.

Know the symptoms of pneumonia

Common symptoms of pneumonia are as follows:

  • frequent coughing
  • feverish _
  • shiver
  • shortness of breath
  • severe chest pain when coughing or taking a deep breath
  • having a headache
  • loss of appetite
  • feeling overly tired
  • vomiting

Apart from this, there can be many other symptoms, which are not given above. If you are troubled by any of the symptoms, then you should contact your doctor.

When should I see my doctor?

If you notice any of the following symptoms, you should contact your doctor:

  • fever with shivering
  • chest pain and shortness of breath
  • The age of the patient is less than five years or more than 65 years
  • cough with blood or mucus from the lungs
  • shortness of breath, rapid breathing

In this regard, Delhi's Clinical General Physician Dr Ashok Rampal says that pneumonia is a serious lung disease and its timely treatment is very important. There are also many types of pneumonia that can occur in the patient, including bacterial pneumonia or Mycoplasma pneumonia. Pneumonia can often be caused by a cold or flu. In such a situation, you should pay careful attention, because pneumonia usually lasts for a long time and the symptoms of pneumonia from other diseases are much more severe.

If you experience any of the above symptoms or have any questions, contact your doctor. Everyone's body works differently. In that case, it is better for you to talk to your doctor.

Know the causes of pneumonia

There are three main causes of pneumonia such as:

  • Bacterial pneumonia: Caused by bacteria on its own or it can also occur after a severe cold or flu.
  • Viral pneumonia: is not very serious and usually lasts for a short time. However, the flu virus can cause viral pneumonia, which can be serious. Pregnant women or patients with heart or lung disease should be cautious of this disease.
  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae: These are common symptoms of both infection and the bacteria that cause mild cases of pneumonia.

Know the risk factors of pneumonia

There are many risk factors of pneumonia, which we are telling you below such as:

  • smoking habit
  • Respiratory infections - due to cold, laryngitis, influenza
  • chronic lung disease
  • Problems with other serious diseases such as heart disease, liver cirrhosis , or diabetes
  • asthma
  • weak immune system
  • having HIV or cancer
  • young and old people

diagnosis and treatment

The given information is not a substitute for any medical advice, for more information you should contact your doctor.

How is pneumonia detected?

Pneumonia can often be caused by a cold or flu. In such a situation, you should pay careful attention, because pneumonia usually lasts for a long time and the symptoms of pneumonia from other diseases are much more severe.

To find out if you have pneumonia, your doctor may ask you questions such as:

  • What are your symptoms and how often do they happen?
  • Do you smoke?
  • What is your medical history?
  • Are you taking any medicine?
  • If needed, the doctor will do some general tests before making any diagnosis:
  • physical exam
  • chest x-ray
  • CT scan
  • sputum test
  • Bronchoscopy, which is used to look at the airways inside the lungs.

How is pneumonia treated?

There are many ways to treat pneumonia . It depends on its severity. In some cases, pneumonia can also be treated at home.

Treatment of Bacterial Pneumonia: Antibiotics are considered the best option to cure this disease. Treatment of Viral Pneumonia: Some antiviral drugs can help in treating this condition.

What are the facts about Pneumonia?

Following can be the facts related to this. like-

  • The flu shot should be taken every year to avoid this disease. The most common cause of this disease is the flu. Therefore, it is very important to take the vaccine from time to time to avoid this disease.
  • Pneumonia can also be caused by bacteria, viruses, and fungi. That is why it is very important to know why this happened.
  • This disease can also be quite serious. This is because it also causes problems related to sepsis and lungs.
  • To avoid this disease, eat a nutritious diet and a balanced diet, take rest, do regular exercise as well as wash your hands before eating food. Do not consume alcohol and cigarettes.

What are the lifestyle changes or home remedies that can help me deal with pneumonia?

The following lifestyle and home remedies can help you deal with the health condition:

  • Get maximum rest.
  • Drink plenty of liquids to avoid dehydration .
  • Coughing can lead to infection. If you have a cough that makes you sleepy at night, or has difficulty breathing or vomiting, take the appropriate medicine with the advice of a doctor.
  • Taking acetaminophen (Tylenol) or aspirin will help bring down the fever, leaving you feeling relieved.
  • To reduce the problem of pneumonia, the consumption of Tulsi is recommended in Ayurveda. Extract the juice from basil leaves and add ground black pepper to it and consume it two to three times. Consult ayurveda doctor for better result.
  • According to Ayurveda, mint is also beneficial for pneumonia patients. In fact, consuming mint can help reduce irritation and mucus. Chewing on fresh mint leaves can ease your discomfort.

Due to this disease, most of the children die in the whole country. According to research by researchers from Johns Hopkins University and the help group 'Save the Children', 11 million children under the age of 5 are expected to die from pneumonia by 2030. The elderly in developed countries are more likely to be affected by pneumonia. Whereas in developing countries, children will be more affected by pneumonia. The study also revealed that countries like Nigeria and India will be the most affected by pneumonia and after analyzing old data, it is estimated that 1.7 million people are expected to die by 2030.

The information given above is not a substitute for medical advice. Do not take any kind of medicine without consulting the doctor. If you want to know any kind of questions related to pneumonia, then it would be better to understand from the experts.

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