Signs of Uterine Cancer and its Treatment

The uterus, or womb, is the place where a baby grows when a woman is pregnant. Uterine cancer occurs in women over the age of 60. There are different types of uterine cancer. The most common type starts in the endometrium, which is the lining of the uterus. It occurs when the cells of the endometrium start growing abnormally. This type is also called endometrial cancer and signs.

Signs of Uterine Cancer

There are two types of uterine cancer: endometrial cancer (common) and uterine sarcoma (rare). Endometrial cancer can be cured. Uterine cancer is also called uterine cancer.

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Uterine sarcomas are often more aggressive and challenging to treat.

Uterine sarcoma develops in the myometrium, the muscular wall of the uterus. Uterine sarcomas are very rare.

Uterine or endometrial cancer may refer to uterine sarcoma or other rare forms of cancer originating in the uterus. But people often confuse the terms endometrial cancer and uterine cancer. This is because endometrial cancers are much more common than other cancers that arise in the uterus.

Signs of Uterine Cancer

There are many risk factors for endometrial cancer. Many of them are related to the balance signs between estrogen and progesterone. signs These include obesity, signs a condition called polycystic ovarian syndrome or taking unopposed estrogen. A genetic disorder known as Lynch syndrome is another risk factor unrelated to hormones.

Its risk factors include:

Age: As women get older, their chances of developing uterine cancer increase. Most uterine cancers occur after the age of 60. 

High fat: A diet high in fat can increase the risk of several cancers, including uterine cancer. Fatty foods are also high in calories, which can lead to obesity. Excess weight is a risk factor for uterine cancer.

Genetic or family history: A family history of cancer does not necessarily mean that you are at a higher risk for developing the disease. About 5 percent of uterine cancers are linked to hereditary factors.

Diabetes: This disease is related to obesity, which is a risk factor for cancer. But some studies suggest that there signs is a direct link between diabetes and uterine cancer as well.

Ovarian dysfunction: Women who have certain ovarian tumors have high estrogen levels and low progesterone levels. These hormone changes can increase the risk of uterine cancer.

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Early menstruation: If menstruation begins before the age of 12, the risk of uterine cancer may increase. This is because signs the uterus is exposed to estrogen for more years.

Late Menopause: Similarly, if menopause occurs after 50, then its risk also increases. The uterus is exposed to estrogen for a long time.

Not getting pregnant: In women who have not become pregnant, the risk is higher due to the increased exposure to estrogen. 

Prior radiation therapy to the pelvis: Radiation therapy to treat other cancers can damage cell DNA. This damage can increase the risk of other types of cancer.

Estrogen replacement therapy: Some people receive estrogen therapy to help relieve symptoms of menopause. Women who receive estrogen replacement therapy without progesterone have an increased risk of uterine cancer.

Use of tamoxifen: People take this drug to treat breast cancer. It acts like estrogen in the uterus and may increase the risk of uterine cancer.

symptoms of uterine cancer - signs

Symptoms of endometrial cancer or uterine sarcoma include:

  • Bleeding on days other than periods.
  • Feeling extreme pain while having sex.
  • frequent urination.
  • Vaginal bleeding between periods in premenopausal women.
  • Pain in the lower abdomen or cramping in the pelvis.
  • Thin white or clear vaginal discharge in postmenopausal women.
  • Very long, heavy, or frequent vaginal bleeding in women over 40.
  • Weight loss without any reason.
  • Foul-smelling liquid discharge from the vulva.

How is uterine cancer treated?

Most people with endometrial cancer require surgery. Your specific treatment plan depends on the type of cancer and your overall health. Other treatments you may have include:

Chemotherapy – in which drugs are used to destroy cancer cells.

Radiation therapy – In this, targeted radiation beams are sent to destroy cancer cells.

Hormone therapy – which gives or blocks hormones to treat cancer and signs.

Immunotherapy – This helps your immune system fight cancer.

Targeted therapy – which uses drugs to stop specific cancer cells from spreading.

How is uterine sarcoma treated? 

Often, surgeons use the same procedures to diagnose, stage and treat uterine sarcoma. Treatment options are the same as for endometrial cancer. Most women have one fallopian tube or ovary removed along with a hysterectomy to remove the ovaries and fallopian tubes. Signs of Uterine Cancer

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